Changes in Climate Extremes (Ongoing Project, started in 2015-present)
The occurrence of climate change in Southeast Asia, one of the world’s fastest-growing regions that have been stimulated by the heavy exploitation of natural resources, deforestation, forest burning and encroachment resulting in the increase and aggravation of problems in Climate Change threats.
Thailand and nearby countries are now facing extreme and unusual weather conditions. The change in weather patterns has become an immediate crisis, creating a larger impact on livelihoods, reduction of food security, agricultural productivity and health risks.
Average temperatures in Southeast Asia have risen every decade since 1960, becoming the worlds most affected region by climate change in the past 20 years, according to the Global Climate Risk Index-Germanwatch. This increase has resulted in unusual phenomenons ranging from extreme drought, heat waves, unusual flooding, and cold spells. The future temperatures are expected to continue changing unpredictably.
Thailand faced the heaviest drought in decades with an extended dry season and temperatures rocketing above 40 degrees Celsius. The late arrival of annual rains and the deficient precipitation resulted in insufficiency of water for domestic and agricultural uses. Phu Pha Man, Khon Kean, Thailand-April 4, 2016.
A dramatic turn in the climate that griped the country during this period ruined farms and farm production. Heavy drought causes a heat wave that eventually destroys plants. Longan, a tropical fruit tree that normally makes important incomes for local farmers. The only thing the owner of this Longan garden can do is to watch the plants die in front of him. May 20, 2016-Doi Lo, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Thousands of acres of forest have been turned into mono crop agricultural areas. Wildfire occurs every year which is by burning crops together with a period of heavy drought causes a longer widespread of wildfire leaving bald mountains and scarred landscapes, further contributing to global warming and extreme weather events. February 2, 2015.
Ang Thong, Thailand. farmers use baskets to cover the Melientha suavis from strong direct sunlight during a period of heavy drought. Normally, the price of this vegetable is relatively high and brings a lucrative income to farmers. May 14, 2016.
Construction workers are placing water pipe commuting fresh water to villages that have been affected by the extended drought in the heavy drought period. May 6, 2016.
Civilian in Kaset Wisai, Roi Et, Thailand is setting up neon lights to trap bugs which is an alternative way to make a living, replacing agriculture in periods of heavy drought. May 5, 2016.
Burning a huge amount of coal is one of the main effects of increased greenhouse gas emissions of global warming. In Thailand and in many developing countries, coal power are still needed to high-pressure as primary energy of life. Mae Moh coal power plant approximately contributes more than four million tons of carbon dioxide emission in the atmosphere and it is still the main power supply for most of provinces in Northern Thailand. November 23, 2017.
A tremendous population growth together with a rapid economic growth in the previous decades have turned Bangkok, the city which is also known as “the City of Angels” into the most infamously smog-plagued city with high levels of PM2.5 particles as a result of the exhaust from factories, industries and vehicles producing from the burning of fossil fuels, another type of greenhouse gas emitted into the atmosphere and contribute more to climate change threats. Bangkok, Thailand-Jan 17, 2019.
During a change of season, the extended periods of heavy drought conditions accompanied by heavy hail storms and lightning strike many areas in Thailand. May 4, 2016.
1.9 millions of people in the 11 southern provinces of Thailand are suffering from flash flood resulted from huge amounts of the off-season rainfall. Surat Thani, Chumphon and some adjacent provinces located at the end of the confluence of many rivers. The rise in sea level can cause extreme flooding over the long period in these areas especially after normal high tide coincides with storm surge. Many thousands of lives have been waiting for the water to drain out soon. January 13, 2017.
Many homes have been flooded for many weeks from the unseasonably heavy rainfall in Southern
Thailand. The backyard has turned into a large flooded swamp. Surat Thani, Thailand- January 18, 2017.
Unseasonably heavy rainfall in Southern Thailand causing widespread flooding, a farmer paddles his way through rubber tree plantations, the economic plant which is the main income to farmers in Southern Thailand.a January 17, 2017-Phunphin, Surat Thani, Thailand.
Myanmar is facing a long severe flooding, flash flood flows over the upper part of the Ayeyarwady with an increase in the height of waves in the sea resulted in large is in many provinces in the South. High tide flooding in Mawbi county, a villager is paddling his boat inside the temple where it has been flooded for many weeks. Flood victims are living amid high water level which is likely to be encountered with heavy rainfall throughout the rest of rainy season. August 20, 2016.
Flooding has a great impact on farmers’ main income since farmland and arable areas have been flooded. Homes and household assets has been destroyed once they are completely underwater. Farm crops have also been spoiled and are unable to be consumed resulting in food and water shortage. Shan Queen village, Myanmar flood victims in the queue waiting for supports from the government and Non Government Organizations. August 22, 2016.
Local villagers are clearing up the mess and create to survey the damages caused from flash flooding resulting from unseasonal, heavy rains three times in one month. Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand-January 22, 2017.
Cold wave causes Zero degrees Celsius on high mountains of Lao Cai province in Northern Vietnam resulted in frost covered their peaks. Locals experience this unusual phenomenon. February 5, 2018.